Singapore’s real estate history: Thriving since the 60s

Since the National Day of Singapore is upon us, we take a look back at how Singapore’s dynamic real estate market flourished as each year passed

Its track record showed that it has quickly recovered from economic crises and it has grown steadily and significantly after each recovery. MinoruK/Shutterstock

In Southeast Asia, Singapore has always been viewed as a stable and reliable property investment destination. Its supremacy as a financial hub with strong fundamentals in workforce and physical infrastructure, political stability and safety, complete transparency and ease of doing business has continued to attract foreign investors throughout the past decades.

In the midst of the COVID-19 outbreak that distressed major economies across the globe, sales of private residences in the city-state soared slightly in May, while sales of luxury condominiums rose by 72 percent in the first quarter of the year.

Over the course of Singapore’s real estate history, its track record showed that it has quickly recovered from economic crises and it has grown steadily and significantly after each recovery.

Here, we take a look at some of the milestones in Singapore’s real estate industry in the last six decades:

1960 – The Housing & Development Board (HDB) is formed to oversee the development of public housing in Singapore.

1963 – After achieving self-governance in 1959, Singapore merges with Malaysia in a short-lived union, which ends two years later due to several violent protests.

Many Singaporeans live in HDB flats

1965 – Singapore finally becomes a sovereign state, known as the Republic of Singapore. Lee Kuan Yew is still prime minister, while the HDB chief is still Lim Kim Sam, who was appointed HDB head in 1960 and spearheaded the construction of many high-rise, public housing apartments through the succeeding years.

1974 – The Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA) is born. The URA’s main task is to develop programmes for strategic land use in the small city-state. It is also involved in the conservation of significant buildings, car park management, land sales and the overall urban design of the Lion State.

1980s – Knowledge-based industries, such as education, lifestyle, medical, information technology and software, get a major boost from Singapore’s Economic Development Board, which administers manpower training programmes. These pushed further Singapore’s reputation as a capital-intensive and high-tech nation, indirectly allowing the real estate industry to benefit from larger incomes.

The Ascott pioneered serviced apartments worldwide

1984 – A pioneer in the serviced residences industry, The Ascott Limited is established and today operates some 35,000 units, making it the largest international serviced apartment operator worldwide.

More: Ascott expands its co-living brand to the Philippines, Australia and China

1990s – International property and hotel conglomerate City Developments Limited (CDL) builds Singapore’s first eco-mall, first eco-condominium and first carbon-neutral development.

1999 – The Building and Construction Authority (BCA) is formed under the Ministry of National Development to promote building quality excellence in the country.

2003 – The Building and Development Division of HDB becomes a separate entity under the name HBD Corporation Pte Ltd, which is later renamed Surbana Corporation Pte Ltd.

2004 – Lee Hsien Loong, son of Lee Kuan Yew, is sworn in as Prime Minister. Lee’s programmes through the years include speeding up of the completion of HDB flats for singles over 35 years, the curbing of property prices, and the expansion of the mass transit systems. Lee Kuan Yew becomes Minister Mentor.

Singapore Public Housing Apartments in Punggol District, Singapore. happycreator/Shutterstock

2005 – Singapore and Malaysia settle a territorial dispute over land reclamation and sign ‘The Settlement Agreement’.

2005 – The Building and Construction Authority begins issuing the BCA Green Mark Certification for establishments that show environmental sustainability, innovative features, and efficient designs and construction methods.

2009 – The first rounds of property cooling measures are introduced by Singaporean authorities to moderate soaring real estate prices.

2009 – The country’s premier commercial district, Orchard Road, undergoes a SGD40 million (USD29 million) renovation and beautification plan.

2010 – Marina Bay Sands, located at Singapore’s iconic new downtown, opens. It comprises high-end residential, retail, commercial, leisure and hospitality components.

More: Pretty green: Singapore reaps what it sows

Marina Bay Sands opens

Marina Bay Sands Singapore. VichyDeal/Shutterstock

2010 – In recognition of the world’s most sustainable cities, the biennial Lee Kuan Yew World City Prize is established by the URA and the Centre for Liveable Cities.

2011 – The Singapore Real Estate Exchange (SRX) launches as part of the property sector’s efforts to share pricing information, improve liquidity and increase transparency in the market. Members include the biggest real estate firms and agencies in the country, such as Savills, RE/MAX, DTZ, Huttons, ERA Real Estate, ECG, and others.

The first-ever South East Asia Property Awards 2011

2011 – Ensign Media, publisher of Asia’s industry-leading Property Report magazine, holds the first annual South East Asia Property Awards (SEAPA) in Singapore, which was held at the lavish Fort Canning Hotel. British billionaire and top real estate mogul Nick Candy is one of the judges.

2013 – Singapore overtakes Tokyo as the most expensive city in the world, per the Economist Intelligence Unit, which reported that many low-income Singaporeans are unable to buy their own homes due to rising income inequality in the city-state and the astronomical costs of real estate.

2013 – One of the most expensive residences in Singapore, located on 33 Nassim Road, lists on the market for SGD242 million (USD179 million).

2014 – Lee Hsien Loong launched the smart city initiative under the name Smart Nation, which enables the city-state to harness big data, networks and infocomm technologies to create tech-enabled solutions.

2015 – Lee Kuan Yew dies of pneumonia at age 91, a few months before the celebration of Singapore’s 50th anniversary of independence.

South East Asia Property Awards rebrands

2017 – To honour developers and properties across the Asia Pacific, the South East Asia Property Awards was relaunched as the PropertyGuru Asia Property Awards.

2017 – Singaporean authorities amend the existing property cooling measures due to the increase in the property price index for private residential properties and interest rate war among major mortgage providers.

2020 – Countries across the globe is plagued by COVID-19, which has prompted most to close its borders and halt all business activities, including real estate and construction to limit potential exposure of people from the virus. Singapore implemented circuit breaker measures that affected consumer sentiment and property sales, but analysts are confident that the real estate sector will strongly recover from the downturn because of its thriving history.

More: Private residential market in Singapore to strongly recover from economic downturn

2020 – PropertyGuru Asia Property Awards (Singapore) celebrates its 10th year in the business through the first-ever virtual gala event in response to the social distancing measures enforced during the pandemic.

2021 As the rate of vaccination grows and the restrictions start to ease, experts have witnessed a resurgence of foreign investment demand and strong domestic demand, prompting the prices of private residential properties to soar in the first quarter of the year.

Sources: Property Report magazine, Asia Property Awards, SRX, The Online Citizen,, HDB, URA, BCA, EDB,,, EIU, International Business Times, National University of Singapore, The Business Times

The Property Report editors wrote this article. For more information, email: [email protected].